The doctrine of sin encompasses the whole Bible from Genesis to Revelation. When the first man and woman sinned against God in the Garden of Eden, their relationship and fellowship with God was broken. Thus began the suffering of the race. Mankind will continue to reap the wages of sin, which are physical and spiritual death (Romans 6:23), until the Lord Jesus Christ returns to this planet to put an end to sin and death forever (1 Corinthians 15:20 26, 51 58). The only hope for the sinner to escape the wages of sin—death, which is eternal separation from God’s mercy—is to accept by faith the Lord Jesus Christ as personal Savior, thus escaping the second death, which includes the lake of fire (Revelation 21:8). Faith in His atoning death on Calvary, His burial, and bodily resurrection will robe the believer in the righteousness of God the Son (2 Corinthians 5:21). Then the sinner will be changed because he is in Christ. “Therefore, if anyone [any sinner] is in Christ, he [or she] is a new creation; old things have passed away [old beliefs, old desires, old ways, old deeds, old plans]; behold, all things have become new” (2 Corinthians 5:17). God longs to make the sinner a new person in Jesus Christ, His only begotten Son. All sins of those who believe will be cleansed by the blood of God the Son (Revelation 1:5; cf. 1 Peter 1:18, 19).
The question is often asked, “What is sin?” God answers this question in clear and simple language. According to the Word of God, sin is
1) Going our own way (doing our will), although “the Lord has laid on Him [the Messiah Savior Jesus Christ] the iniquity of us all” (Isaiah 53:6);
2) Transgression, overstepping God’s holy law (1 John 3:4);
3) Unbelief—calling God a liar (1 John 5:10);
4) Falling short of God’s glory (Romans 3:23), when we ought always to glory in the Lord (1 Corinthians 1:31). Paul tells us in Colossians 3:16, 17 how to glory in the Lord.
Jeremiah also tells us how to glory in the Lord, but first he lists some things we are not to glory in:
1) “Let not the wise man glory in his wisdom.”
2) “Let not the mighty man glory in his might.”
3) “Nor let the rich man glory in his riches.”
Then he writes, “ ‘But let him who glories glory in this,’
1) ‘That he understands and knows Me,’
2) ‘That I am the Lord, exercising lovingkindness, judgment, and righteousness in the earth.’
“ ’For in these I delight,’ says the Lord” (Jeremiah 9:23, 24). In these things we should delight also, and not permit sin to have dominion over us (Romans 6:11 18), for when we allow sin to have dominion over us we are incapable of glorying in the Lord.
15-1 The Origin of Sin
(Genesis 2:15 18)
Sin is rebellion against God, doing evil, violating his will, breaking His law. Many ask how sin first gained entrance into the world. When God created Adam and Eve, He gave them the power of choice. They could choose to obey their holy and righteous Creator or they could choose to disobey. They both ate the forbidden fruit, disobeying God’s explicit instructions and His perfect will for their lives (Genesis 3:6; cf. 1 Timothy 2:14).
1) Before the fall of man, Satan and his angels had already fallen:
a) Satan’s fall is described in Isaiah 14:12 17 as the prophet gazed past the wicked king of Babylon to Satan who indwelt him. He fell because of pride, and his desire to be equal to God. Later he enticed Eve with this same desire: “You will be like God” (Genesis 3:5).
b) Satan’s fall is further described in Ezekiel 28:12 19 as the prophet considered the evil personality who indwelt the wicked king of Tyre. Satan is described as “the anointed cherub” who had been in Eden, “the garden of God.” He was created as a perfect being, but he fell into iniquity. Pride in his own beauty was the source of his fall.
c) The book of Revelation indicates that a third of the angels also fell with Satan—“His tail drew a third of the stars of heaven (Revelation 12:3, 4, 9). Angels are at times represented by “stars” (Revelation 1:20).
2) Adam and Eve fell by breaking a clear command of God:
a) The clear command (vv. 16, 17). Adam and Eve were commanded by God not to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. They were told that “in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die” (v. 17).
b) The tempter’s lies (Genesis 3:1 5). Satan, the already fallen being, used the body of a serpent to speak to Eve, enticing her to sin. He denied that she would die for her sin, and he told her that she would have a new freedom and knowledge, and thus be like God.
c) Lingering with temptation (Genesis 3:4 6). Eve listened to Satan’s lies and was attracted by the fruit. Her taste anticipated that it “was good for food” and she desired to be made wise.
d) The fall (Genesis 3:6; cf. 1 Timothy 2:12 14). Eve ate the forbidden fruit and gave it to Adam, and “he ate.” It was a test of simple obedience. They had the fruit of all of the other trees, and there was no need for them to eat of the forbidden tree (vv. 15, 16).
There are still many lessons in this account for us today:
1) Satan’s lies are the same.
2) He uses nearby temptations to lure us.
3) There is danger in lingering or toying with sin.
4) The Fall has had death dealing effects.
5) God had foreknowledge of Adam’s fall, and from the beginning of creation He made provision for it:
a) Christ’s death was “foreordained before the foundation of the world” (1 Peter 1:20). Before He created the world God had determined to create mankind and allow the test in Eden (knowing that man would fall), and He had determined already to send Christ to die for man’s sin.
God in no way compelled Adam and Eve to sin, nor is God ever the chargeable cause of sin. James, using the word tempt, meaning to entice to sin, tells us God does this to no one (James 1:13 15).
15-2 The Effects of Sin: Immediate and Lasting
(Genesis 3:7 24)
Satan’s lie to Adam and Eve encouraged them to rebel against God’s goodness by violating His commandment, suggesting that they would not really suffer for breaking God’s law. No lie was ever farther from the truth. All of this planet’s ills—physical, psychological, political, economic, social, medical, religious, and spiritual (Ephesians 6:12)—can be traced to the entrance of sin into the world (Ephesians 2:1 3)
1) Adam and Eve’s sin had immediate effects:
a.) They experienced an inner agony of guilt. “They knew that they were naked” (v. 7).
b.) They made a futile attempt at self righteousness. “They sewed fig leaves together and made themselves coverings” (v. 7)
c.) Fellowship with God was broken. They “hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God” (v. 8).
d.) They feared sin’s punishment. “I was afraid…I hid myself’ (v. 10).
e.) Fellowship with other humans was broken. “The woman…gave me of the tree” (v. 12).
f.) Harmony with the creatures of the earth was also broken. “The serpent deceived me” (v. 13).
g.) Part of the animal creation was “cursed more than all cattle…on your belly you shall go” (v. 14).
h.) Part of the animal creation became hostile to mankind. “I will put enmity between you [the serpent] and the woman” (v. 15).
i.) Physical pain became a part of human life, especially pain in childbirth. “I will greatly multiply your sorrow and your conception; in pain you shall bring forth children” (v. 16).
j.) Authority, rank, and tension appeared in marriage. “Your desire shall be for your husband, and he shall rule over you” (v. 16).
k.) The ground was cursed and became hostile to mankind in bringing forth weeds. “Cursed is the ground for your sake…Both thorns and thistles it shall bring forth” (vv. 17, 18).
l.) Human physical death began. “To dust you shall return” (v. 19).
m.) Mankind was driven out of the garden. “God sent him out of the garden of Eden to till the ground” (v. 23).
n.) Mankind was denied the Tree of Life. God “placed cherubim… and a flaming sword” to keep man from eating from the Tree of Life (vv. 22, 24).
2) Adam and Eve’s sin also had wider effects:
a.) Mankind was separated from God. “So He drove out the man” (v. 24; cf. Ephesians 2:12).
b.) Sin was brought into the human race. “Through one man sin entered the world” (Romans 5:12).
c.) Death was brought into the human race. “Through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin” (Romans 5:12).
d.) All mankind inherited death. “And thus death spread to all men” (Romans 5:12).
e.) All inherited Adam’s guilt. “All sinned” (Romans 5:12).
f.) All became condemned in Adam, and by their own sins. “For all have sinned [broken God’s laws] and fall short of the glory of God”—fall short of His requirements (Romans 3:23).
g.) All died spiritually. “For to be carnally minded is death” (Romans 8:6 9).
h.) All bore the penalty. “For the wages of sin is death”—physical and spiritual (Romans 6:23).
i.) All unbelievers will be judged after death at the Great White Throne (Revelation 20:11 13).
j.) All unbelievers will spend eternity, separated from God, in the lake of fire (Revelation 20:14, 15).
Original sin clearly affected our entire race. Newborn infants do not start anew as did Adam and Eve in the Garden; they enter with an already formed sin nature and a limited life span. To all this we can only shout with glad hearts that God has provided a remedy for sin and death—through Christ.
15-3 The Effects of Sin in Human Character
(Romans 3:9 18)
Christ said that “a bad tree bears bad fruit” (Matthew 7:17). Certainly this is proven true in the effects of the fall of Adam. Sin entered the human race and dominated it. The Bible vividly pictures what sinful men became as a result of the Fall:
1) Murders (Genesis 4:8);
2) Indifferent to God and the welfare of others (v. 11; cf. Genesis 4:9);
3) Unrighteous (v. 10);
4) Evildoers, turning aside from God’s paths and standards (v. 12);
5) Evil speakers, deceivers, gossips, and slanderers (v. 13);
6) Full of cursing and bitterness (v. 14);
7) Swift to shed blood (v. 15);
8) Destructive and miserable in their ways (v. 16);
9) Warlike and incapable of being appeased (v. 17);
10) Immoral, prone to false religion and idols, and self serving (Romans 1:23 25);
11) Unrighteous, wicked, covetous, malicious, envious, deceitful, and injurious (Romans 1:29);
12) Backbiters, haters of God, spiteful, proud and boastful, disobedient to parents, and inventors of evil (Romans 1:30);
13) Covenant breakers, unaffectionate, not understanding, implacable, and unmerciful (Romans 1:31);
14) Rejoicing in evil (Romans 1:32);
15) Kidnappers and slaveholders (Genesis 37:26 28);
16) Rapists (2 Samuel 13:8 14);
17) Harsh and selfish rulers (Exodus 5:6 8);
18) Vengeful (Genesis 34:7 30);
19) Thieves and cheats (1 Kings 21:5 16).
15-4 The Effects of Sin in Human History
(James 4:1 5)
James made it clear that wars on earth historically stem from sinful desires within our hearts and bodies, “desires for pleasure that war in your members” (vv. 1, 2). Christians, on the other hand, should seek God in prayer to have their needs met, rather than having unchecked desires within their hearts or resorting to violence to obtain these desires.
The following points of human history are illustrative of the history of sin upon the planet:
1) Adam and Eve disobeyed God and plunged the race into sin (Genesis 3:1 24).
2) Cain killed Abel, and murder among humans began (Genesis 4:8 12).
3) Mankind, before the Flood, became so universally wicked that “the Lord was sorry that He had made man,” and God sent the Flood to destroy humanity, except for the family of righteous Noah (Genesis 6:5 8).
4) Mankind’s lifespan began dropping dramatically after the Flood (Genesis 11:10, 11, 24, 25; cf. 5:27).
5) By 2700 B.C. Egypt had fallen into idolatry, and three lone Pharaohs caused an entire nation to labor for a century to build their burial tombs.
6) By about 2000 B.C. two entire cities, Sodom and Gomorrah, had become so evil that God destroyed them by fire and brimstone (Genesis 19:1 29).
7) By 1450 B.C. the Hebrew nation as a whole was under the cruel bondage of slavery to Pharaoh (Exodus 3:7).
8) By 1400 B.C. the Canaanite tribes had become so perverted by evil that God ordered their total destruction (Leviticus 18:21 25; cf. Joshua 6:21 24).
9) By 1000 B.C. Israel’s first king had become so evil that God ordered him replaced (1 Samuel 15:11, 26).
10) By 721 B.C. the northern kingdom, Israel, was scattered by the fierce and cruel Assyrians (2 Kings 17:5 9).
11) By 586 B.C. the southern kingdom, Judah, was destroyed and taken captive by the wicked Babylonians (2 Chronicles 36:17 20).
12) By A.D. 30 Christ predicted “wars and rumors of wars” for the world (Matthew 24:6- 8, 21).
13) By A.D. 30 the human race crucified the Christ, who came to save it (Luke 23:13 33).
14) In A.D. 70 the Romans destroyed Jerusalem and the temple.
15) In the second and third centuries the Roman Empire persecuted and killed Christians.
16) In the fourth and fifth centuries the barbarian invader, Attila the Hun, invaded Europe and slaughtered thousands.
17) In the seventh and eighth centuries the Muslims conquered the Middle East and southern Europe.
18) In the twelfth and thirteenth centuries the Crusaders and Muslims warred against one another.
19) In the twelfth through the eighteenth centuries the Inquisitors burned countless Jews and alleged “heretics.”
20) In the thirteenth century Genghis Khan rode to slaughter great numbers.
21) In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries the Protestants and Catholics engaged in bloody religious wars.
22) In the eighteenth century the French Revolution’s guillotine killed thousands in the Reign of Terror.
23) In the twentieth century World War I and World War II claimed almost one hundred million lives, including those of six million European Jews.
24) In the twentieth century the satanic Communists rose to slaughter thousands, and revolution reigned for the supposed “good of the masses” in Russia, China, Africa, Central and South America, Korea, Cambodia, Afghanistan, and Vietnam.
25) In Iran’s revolution of the twentieth century, thousands were killed.
26) In twentieth century Ireland, Central America, Africa, and Israel, struggles continue in “wars and rumors of wars” (Matthew 24:6).
27) In the future a satanic world leader will arise and lead another slaughter (2 Thessalonians 2:3 10), as world armies gather at Armageddon (Matthew 24:21; cf. Revelation 16:16).
Every age has had its advocates of the false philosophy of “the basic goodness of man,” and its prophets have said that man would end war and live in peace. Each age has also had its saviors with their humanistic remedies for world disorder and misery. Hitler’s remedy was built on the totalitarian state and racism, and Marx and Lenin’s on economic theory, atheism, and revolution. Some have looked to education to deliver this world. All these have failed. The Bible, through the centuries, has correctly identified the cause as the sin of man, and cited only Christ’s death (for the peace of the individual) and His second coming (for the peace of the nations) as the answers to this planet’s dilemma.
15-5 The End of Sin
1) Christ is the “end of sin” for all believers, both living and dead:
a) Those who “die in the Lord… may rest from their labors and their works follow them” (v. 13).
b) Those believers who are alive at the second coming of Christ for His church (called the Rapture) will “always be with the Lord” (1 Thessalonians 4:17).
c) Believers who are alive at Christ’s judgment of the nations will enter into eternal life (Matthew 25:34, 46).
d) All believers have eternal life and cannot be touched by the second death (Revelation 20:6).
e) All believers will appear before the judgment seat of Christ to receive their eternal rewards (2 Corinthians 5:10).
f) The church will be united to Christ forever at the marriage of the Lamb (Revelation 19:7, 8).
2) At Christ’s second coming, all evildoers will be eliminated:
a) The Beast and his False Prophet will be cast into the lake of fire (Revelation 19:20).
b) Satan will be bound during the Millennium (a thousand years) and then be cast forever into the lake of fire (Revelation 20:10).
c) The unbelievers who are alive when Christ judges the nations will be cast out of His kingdom forever (Matthew 25:45, 46).
d) After the judgment of the Great White Throne, the lost of the ages (from Old Testament and New Testament eras) will be cast into the lake of fire (Revelation 20:11 15).
e) The fallen angels will be judged and cast out forever (Jude 6).
3) The world of the new heaven, new earth, and New Jerusalem will be completely free forever from the effects or traces of sin:
a) This present world, with its marks of sin, will be burned and dissolved, and the new heaven and earth will be brought forth (2 Peter 3:10 13).
b) The new heaven and earth will be marked by “righteousness” (2 Peter 3:13).
c) The New Jerusalem will not be man made but will be God made, descending from heaven (Revelation 21:2).
d) God will again dwell with man, as in the Garden of Eden, in eternal, unbroken fellowship (Revelation 21:3, 22).
Believers will “reign forever and ever” (Revelation 22:5). All are invited to enter this everlasting bliss, by faith in Christ: “And let him who thirsts come. Whoever desires, let him take the water of life freely” (Revelation 22:17). “Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and you will be saved” (Acts 16:3 1).
Master Outline 15 – The Doctrine Of Sin
 The Doctrine of sin encompasses the whole Bible from _________________________ to
 What are the wages of sin that mankind will continue to reap until Jesus Christ returns?
 Faith in Jesus’ atoning death on Calvary, His burial and bodily resurrection robes the believer with what?
 According to God’s Word, sin is what? (List 4 items)
 What are three (3) things Jeremiah tells us not to glory in?
 What are two (2) things Jeremiah tells us to glory in?
 When we allow sin to have dominion over us, what can we do?
 Sin is __________________________ _______________________
 Before the fall of man, Satan and his angels had fallen, and from what scripture we know three (3) things. What are they?
 Adam and Eve fell by breaking a ____________________ _________________________.
 What five (5) lessons can we apply today from Adam and Eve’s fall?
 When was Christ’s death ordered?
 What fourteen (14) things do we all experience as the immediate effects of sin?
 Adam and Eve’s sin affected only them. TRUE or FALSE. Explain.
 Christ said, “A bad tree bears bad fruit.” TRUE or FALSE. Explain.
 How does history prove the consequences of sin?
 Every age has had its advocates of the false philosophy that says what?
 Hitler’s remedy was what?
 Marx and Lenin’s remedy was what?
 What is the answer to our planet’s dilemma?
 Christ is the “_____________________ ___________________ __________________,” for
all believers both living and dead.
 What will happen to evildoers at Christ’s Second coming?
 Will the new heaven, new earth, and new world be free of all sin? YES or NO. Explain.